While going to the war or on a mission, we must be equipped with proper weapons, and we must know about those weapons, how do they work and how to use them. Same goes for the photography. So to begin with the photography, first know your camera in detail.
Basically there are various types of cameras. Each one provides different functions, and are designed according to different types of people and their usage. Now even mobile phones have high-tech cameras with high mega pixel values and various inbuilt functions, even with various applications to improve quality and style of captured photographs.
Here are few images I’ve captured through my mobile camera.
In general cameras are categorized in 3 main types, which in short are as following:
1. Point and shoot camera:
This is very a basic type of camera and simplest one to use. Obviously none of us is born with all the knowledge of photography, so one can say that this type of camera is for those people who don’t know the technical aspects of camera in details, but want to hold their memories in perfect photographs. These cameras are designed in such a way that internal software adjusts the focus,exposure, white balance etc according to the subject we want to capture, making it a fully automatic camera. Some basic modes are also provided in these cameras which can be set according to situation and purpose. Also in hardware point of view, they are very small and lightweight as the lens size, sensor and all things are small to make these cameras handy and user friendly. So you just simply point at the subject, click the button and there you go!
But due to these features only, we cannot use them for professional purpose as small lens and sensor does not provide required depth and details in photos. Also we cannot adjust shutter speed, aperture etc, so in many situations these cameras fail. But for normal people, who want to hold their best memories with friends and families these cameras are always recommended. Also nowadays much stable and improved models are available as technology advances every second!
2. Prosumer camera:
This type is an intermediate between a point and shoot and a SLR. basically developed from point and shoot cameras, what developers did in these ones is that they gave us freedom to adjust many functions. In prosumers we can adjust the scene modes as well as there are modes to adjust shutter speed, aperture, ISO, white balance etc. So it can be manually functioned like a SLRs.
Looking at the hardware, these cameras have small sensors and lenses to make them compact and cheap, yet powerful. In terms of saying powerful, these cameras are provided with fixed lenses with huge magnification up to 30X or 45X. So we can use them in our home, functions, any sports games or even for wild life photography. Yes you are right, this is an all in one camera!
So, we can adjust various basic modes and settings to capture creative and wonderful images. But sadly small sensor and lens size makes it compromise the quality of the image. Yet prosumers are best gears to start with the photography as beginners if you want to learn basic things first before spending lots of money on costly SLRs. I’ve also started my photography on Nikon P510 prosumer and results were amazing!
3. DSLR(Digital Single-lens Reflex) camera:
When you see a professional photographer, carrying a huge sized flashy camera, with a big lens, sometimes with big flash and tripod, and everyone looking at photographer while he or she is capturing some brilliant photographs to amaze everybody, that camera is the SLR!
OK may be I’m overexaggerating while talking about SLRs but the way you can play with these cameras through your creativity will really amaze you once you get your hands on all the functions. And yes a perfect photographer never does photography to look like a rock star. Photography is an art, and like all other arts a masterpiece, a perfect picture comes from your true emotions, dedication and a true heart.
Going back to the topic, in earlier days SLRs were used to capture images on photographic frames which we needed to develop. Now SLRs are digitalised and much intelligent softwares are embedded in them to provide high functionality and capture images in digital formats, thus Digital SLRs. SLRs are the gears developed for professional photography. And there are various types of DSLRs and lenses to be used with them. I will explain how to use a DSLR in my next post.
And for all those people, who really want to expertise in the photography and takes photography as your passion, you must buy the DSLr. “It is your true weapon to be a real warrior!” Its large sensor (Full frame or Cropped) gives images a high depth and quality. SLRs are interchangeable lens cameras. There are various types of lenses to use with SLR which are designed according to the purpose of use, like wide angle, macro, telephoto lens and etc. So DSLR gives you the total freedom to play with your imaginations and creativity as you can adjust every single mode and setting manually.
Apart form these types there are also few other types which are similar to SLRs like TLRs or SLTs. But in the world of photography, every term is in the reference of SLRs. In next few posts, I’ll explain how to use SLRs, its functioning and various technical terms so you can take a next step to create your own masterpieces!